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“憋死”残疾人的行规,谁之殇?
2016年11月19日 15:05
分类: 发展



  <p style="text-indent:0px;text-align:center;line-height:28px;margin-right:0px;margin-left:0px;"><span style="text-indent:28px;">     </span><span style="text-indent:28px;font-family:楷体;">签字、按手</span><span style="text-indent:28px;font-family:楷体;">印</span><span style="text-indent:28px;font-family:楷体;">,是我们通常在签署重要的协议、合约时要遇到的场景。然而,这么一个约定俗成的惯例,却难倒了河南小伙儿吴建平。由于早年间失去双臂,无法按手印,他在买房过程中遭遇了重重困难。眼下,和售楼部签订的购房合同马上就要到期,如果到时候还不能把贷款、抵押手续办下来,吴建平就要面临房钱两空的现实。</span><span style="text-indent:28px;font-family:楷体;">(据</span><span style="text-indent:28px;font-family:楷体;">2016年11月18日 中国广播网</span><span style="text-indent:28px;font-family:楷体;">)</span></p><p style="text-indent:28px;line-height:28px;margin-right:0;margin-left:0;"><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"> </span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">坊间流传一句</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">带</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">有</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">调侃意味的古话</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">:叫作</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">“活人还能让尿憋死”</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">。</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">言下之意,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">规矩是死的,人是活的。在</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">解决难</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">题</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">的时候,只要动脑筋,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">不固守陈规,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">不钻死胡同,办法总会有的</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">,矛盾总会破解的</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">。</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">然而,河南无</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">双臂小伙儿吴建平在买房过程中</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">,却因办理</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">银行贷款</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">、产权登记</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">等手续</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">时</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">都</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">要求本人必须</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">签字并</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">按指纹的行规</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">而</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">面临房钱两空的现实</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">窘境,可谓真的是快让</span>“尿”给</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">憋死</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">了</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">。</span></p><p style="text-indent:28px;line-height:28px;margin-right:0;margin-left:0;"><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"> </span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">公鸡原本不能下蛋,有人却非让它下蛋,那纯属是让寡妇生孩子</span>——胡扯淡。同样,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">吴建平在</span>5岁时</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">因</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">遭</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">受</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">电击失去双臂</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">,两个胳膊都没有了,硬让他按手纹,可能吗?原本属于特殊情况,需要特殊处理的事情,却到哪儿都死认一个理儿:</span>“</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">必须</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">按指纹。</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">不管你去哪儿签什么,反正右手食指,都是起法律效力的。</span>”所有</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">办事单位</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">都默认</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">自己的</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">行规:</span>“政府的手续当中,它作为一种默认的方式。因为字迹是可以模仿的,手纹绝对不可能的模仿”</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">,而吴建平又偏偏失去了手指,这不是要让</span>“尿”</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">憋死</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">人,是什么?</span></p><p style="text-indent:28px;line-height:28px;margin-right:0;margin-left:0;"><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"> </span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">当然,公民</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">在书面协议上签下自己的名字,或盖章</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">或按指纹</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">其</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">意义在于明确身份并表明确认协议内容,自愿受其法律约束</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">,这也是公民应有的一种契约意识</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">。</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">但是,从合同法等法律的</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">规定</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">上看</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">并</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">没有</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">明确规定</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">签字确认</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">、</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">盖章确认</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">、按指纹</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">确认</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">必须</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">同时进行,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">更没有强调规定。这表明,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">当事人</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">只要</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">选择一种方式就行</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">了。</span></p><p style="text-indent:28px;line-height:28px;margin-right:0;margin-left:0;"><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"> </span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">法无明文规定不违法。既然</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">没有强制</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">性的</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">法律规定,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">那么</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">在</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">银行、房管等</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">行业内操作过程中</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">,就应该实事求是,区分不同对象,具体情况具体处理,而不是都毫无例外地一律签字按指纹,搞</span>“一刀切”,毕竟有些人失去了手指。</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">尤其是对吴建平</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">这样的</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">残疾人来说,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">连</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">双臂没有,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">根本</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">没有办法</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">签字按指纹。</span></p><p style="text-indent:28px;line-height:28px;margin-right:0;margin-left:0;"><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"> <span style="font-family:宋体;">笔者注意到这一个情节,面对购房困境,</span></span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">有银行为吴建平支招,劝他和已经领</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">取结婚</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">证的未婚妻离婚,再以未婚妻的名义买房,或者去公证处办理公证。</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">作为</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">一名</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">合法公民,吴建平</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">同样</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">享有</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">每</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">一个</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">中华人民共和国</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">公民</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">应该享有的</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">最基本权利</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">,任何单位和个人都无权剥夺。也就是说,只要他</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">跟正常人</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">一</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">样提交一样的齐全手续,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">并</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">符合</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">抵押</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">贷款的相关资质条件,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">就不应该被拒之门外。</span></p><p style="text-indent:28px;line-height:28px;margin-right:0;margin-left:0;"><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"> </span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">毫无疑问,在僵死的行规背后就是人情冷漠。让一个无双臂的残疾人,在所有的购房手续上都要</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">签字并</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">按指纹,看似认真执行办事流程不走样,一视同仁,实则是麻木冷漠、人文关怀缺失。</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">说到底,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">吴建平在买房过程中</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">的不公遭遇,只是当前残疾人社会生活困境中的一个缩影,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">残疾人权益保障机制的完善和落实</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">,</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">仍然任重道远。</span></p><p style="text-indent:28px;line-height:28px;margin-right:0;margin-left:0;"><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"> </span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">“憋死”残疾人的行规,是规章制度之殇,更是服务理念之殇。尽管残疾人的躯体伤残了,但其人格尊严却是健全完整的,并不受非法侵害。我国</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">《残疾人保护法》明确规定,残疾人在政治、经济、文化、社会和家庭生活等方面享有同其他公民平等的权利。</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">让法律的光芒照耀到残疾人的日常生活中,需要各个职能部门、各行各业都要秉持人文关怀理念,用深厚感情和敬畏之心对待残疾人,并不断细化法规制度,使之充满人性的温度。事实上,对残疾人群体给予一定的人性化的倾斜与关照,不仅不会破坏行规,反而增加了行规的温度和人情味。无论如何,</span>“</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px">憋</span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:16px"><span style="font-family:宋体;">死</span>”残疾人的行规,不会是啥好规定,只能让人嗤之以鼻。</span></p><p><br></p>

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